Scottish National Party
It was founded in 1934 and has been represented at the Westminster Parliament since 1967. After devolution in 1999, the SNP became the second largest party in the Scottish Parliament. It became the largest party in the 2007 elections, and won an overall majority in 2011. Its leaders, Alex Salmond and Nicola Sturgeon, have been First Minister of Scotland.
In 2014 the voters of Scotland rejected independence in a referendum, but this was followed by greatly increased support for the SNP, which won all but three Scottish seats at the 2015 general election.
Joe FitzPatrick is a gay SNP MSP.