The county council area includes six districts:
Additionally, the Gloucestershire ceremonial county also includes a unitary authority, South Gloucestershire.
Policing in the county council area is provided by Gloucestershire Constabulary. Suzette Davenport was appointed Chief Constable in 2013.
South Gloucestershire is covered by Avon and Somerset Constabulary.
In 1982 Gay News reported that there was just one CHE group in the county- The Gloucester/Cheltenham Group . The Gloucestershire Gay and Lesbian Community was a social group existing in the mid 2010s that welcomed people of all sexualities and ages. Gay Girls of Gloucestershire was a group for lesbians of all ages that existed in the mid 2010s.
- Gay News issue 241 27 May 1982 page 17. Christine Murray was chair of the group at the time