Charles John Vaughan
Homosexual behaviour, often of an abusive nature, was rife in Harrow in the 1840s and 1850s. When Vaughan was told about one such case, he clamped down on it immediately, forbidding the sending of love letters between boys, and the use of female names. However Vaughan himself was having a passionate affair with one of the pupils, Alfred Pretor, who told his friend John Addington Symonds about it. Symonds refused to believe it until Pretor showed him some letters from the Headmaster. Symonds was deeply disturbed by this, and in 1859, when he had become an undergraduate at Oxford, confided in the Corpus Professor of Latin, John Conington. Conington encouraged Symonds to tell his father, who immediately wrote to Vaughan, threatening to expose him unless he resigned at once. The threat was renewed four years later, which forced Vaughan to withdraw his acceptance of appointment as Bishop of Oxford.
- Alasdare Hickson, The Poisoned Bowl - Sex and the public school, Duckworth, 1996, ISBN 0-7156-2709-0, pp 68–9.
- Gathorne-Hardy, Jonathan. "The Old School Tie". ISBN 0-670-52316-X